(Answers to Comments & Questions)
The Qur’an is full of knowledge about human nature as a thankless creature who came to this life as preferred creature (naib); was provided health, all necessities of life in abundance; started arguing with the Creator; forgot purpose of his creation; spent life as fun and pleasure; indulged in criminal and extremist deeds without fearing accountability; became arrogant, crushing others with gang activities; when placed under testing, returned with prayers and cries for help, but when provided relief claimed it as due to his own smartness; remained in vacuum of disobedience till becoming physically and mentally weak, realized his faults at death bed.
God creates all the living being as no person is born from choice. Rather, being Creator, He created him from nothing and turned him to be a living human being with certain identity of sex and physical and psychological traits of a new-born baby. (Al-Dahar 1-3,” Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be mentioned? Verily, We have created man from Nutfah drops of mixed semen (discharge of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.”
He has given humans senses of right and wrong to decide for deeds (AL-Shamus 7-9). As a Master, He has ordered his blessings of the universe to be at the service of His favorite unique creation (Naib), Adam’s children on this earth to enjoy and pay thanks to Him in return. In Al Namal 76 & in Al-hijar19-27 as,” And the earth We spread out, and placed therein firm mountains, and caused to grow therein all kinds of things in due proportion. And We have provided therein means of living, for you and for those whom you provide not [moving (living) creatures, cattle, beasts, and other animals]. And there is not a thing, but with Us are the stores thereof. And We send it not down except in a known measure. And We send the winds fertilizing (to fill heavily the clouds with water), then caused the water (rain) to descend from the sky, and We gave it to you to drink, and it is not you who are the owners of its stores [i.e. to give water to whom you like or to withhold it from whom you like]. And certainly We! We it is Who give life, and cause death, and We are the Inheritors. And indeed, We know the first generations of you who had passed away, and indeed, We know the present generations of you (mankind), and also those who will come afterwards. And verily, your Lord will gather them together. Truly, He is All-Wise, All-Knowing. And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire.”
Instead of realizing the gifts of his benefactor, he takes everything for granted as his own right of possession and blindly indulges in gathering sources with both hands like a wild animal (Younes 12,” And when harm touches man, he invokes Us, lying down on his side, or sitting or standing. But when We have removed his harm from him, he passes on his way as if he had never invoked Us for a harm that touched him! Thus, it seems fair to the Musrifun that which they used to do.).
If the Almighty Master of the universe turns the water into floods or levels it down, or with air pollution makes the land barren or desert, brings abrupt severe weather, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes or other catastrophes, human beings are helpless to control them. For correction, Allah sends His words of directions but greedy mankind who spend their life worried to lose life provisions, not only ignored the blessings of the generous Provider, but started arguments with his Provider. Surah Ibrahim 34,” Allah gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the Blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them. Verily! Man is indeed an extreme wrong-doer, - a disbeliever (an extreme ingrate, denies Allah's Blessings by disbelief, and by worshipping others besides Allah, and by disobeying Allah and His Prophet (Muhammad).”
It is a misinterpretation that Islamic religion is based on a name or demands full- time worship; rather, it teaches to have a psychic (Ruh) interaction with the Creator by thanking Him for the provisions, passing a moderate and balanced life in the world with love towards Allah and His creatures. Mankind is tested in life through losses, disease, disaster, etc., for self-correction. The Qur’an reveals these facts of human nature with logic (yaqaloon) and application of observation (yashadoona) at the human mental level. When people asked about how to have close contact to Allah, the Qur’an quoted in Al-Baqra 186,” And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So, let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” Islam is a religion deeply in touch with the dearest one living abroad and missing him in time crisis and communicating with him regularly five time.
An atheist and polytheist should observe that there are about 6,000 evidences of Allah, such as narrated in Al-Inaam 95-103, Al-Nahal 5-18 & 78-83, Al-Baqra 30 & 164, Younis 3, Al-Noor 43-45, Al-room 8, 33-35 & 48 etc. Some humans become arrogant and crush those who obey the laws of the nature and principle of a moderate, meaningful life by submitting to the Master of the universe.
During life, whenever the human being is confronted with crisis, diseases, losses, storms, etc., he realizes his limitation and calls the Master in his helpless state. In Bani Israel 83,” And when We bestow Our Grace on man (the disbeliever), he turns away and becomes arrogant, far away from the Right Path. And when evil touches him he is in great despair”. It is remarkable to note, a child strictly follows the command of parents or an employee to be the best on the job and to please his employer, but he is least concerned about the Provider of all his needs. In Hood 6,” And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave, etc.). all is in a Clear Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz - the Book of Decrees with Allah ‘´
On the blessings and relief from the Protector, human beings become disloyal by expressing that it was all due to his own wit and labor. In Surah Hud 8-11,” And if We delay the torment for them till a determined term, they are sure to say, "What keeps it back?" Verily, on the day it reaches them, nothing will turn it away from them, and they will be surrounded by (fall in) that at which they used to mock! And if We give man a taste of Mercy from Us, and then withdraw it from him, verily! He is despairing, ungrateful. But if We let him taste good (favor) after evil (poverty and harm) has touched him, he is sure to say: "Ills have departed from me." Surely, he is exultant, and boastful (ungrateful to Allah). Except those who show patience and do righteous good deeds, those: theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward (Paradise).”
Mankind shows ingratitude to their Master, as quoted in Bani Israel 67,” And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you except Him (Allah Alone). But when He brings you safely to land, you turn away (from Him). And man is ever ungrateful.)”. Under the spell of their power, health and affluence, they become borderline personality and have selfish motives like tycoons by crushing world order, state stability, and social harmony. They even ridicule the Authority of the universe (Az-Zumar 49,” When harm touches man, he calls to Us (for help), then when We have (rescued him from that harm and) changed it into a Favor from Us, he says: "Only because of knowledge (that I possess) I obtained it." Nay, it is only a trial, but most of them know not!”
It is revealed that human beings instead of submitting to Allah, are often Mutatarif (Extremist), Kazeb (Liar), Aneed (Rebel), Zanoon (With subjective assumptions), Khasem (Argumentative), Mujrim (Incriminating), Murtaab (Doubtful), Mufsed (Trouble-maker), Munkir (Obstinate), Maghroor (Arrogant), Mushrik (Polytheist), Amara (Evil), Yaskharoon (Ridiculing), Zaeef (Emotionally Weak), Fawish (Malicious), Zalem (Cruel), Jahel (Ignorant), Insaan (Forgetful), Kanood (Ungrateful to the Creator), Tohmat (Incriminating), Jabbar (Tyrant), etc., to learn from their faults. Some are arrogant in even boosting the critics of the Almighty Creator, as stated in surah Yasin 77-79,” Does not man see that We have created him from Nutfah (mixed male and female discharge semen drops). Yet behold! He (stands forth) as an open opponent. And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation. He says: "Who will give life to these bones when they have rotted away and became dust?" Say: (O Muhammad) "He will give life to them Who created them for the first time! And He is the All-Knower of every creation!" They only realize the result on the death bed and beg for sins, but it is too late to get benefit from repenting as a last substitute of survival, as “It is of no use to cry over spilt milk”.
(Cont'd in the Book)
Muslims have forgotten the golden history of Islamic heritage and revolution based on the practical knowledge about human nature revealed by the Creator himself for the daily guidelines in life. As reminded in V-67:2”. Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;”
Perhaps knowledge-seekers on this essential subject preferred a human-based knowledge as textbook only, whereas the holy books are in continuation of Divine laws passed on for a successful, meaningful and simple life system. About 1,440 years ago, the Qur’an was revealed to the Holy Prophet (PBUH), even in the very first verses of the Surah Al-Alaq V-96:15,” Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen [the first person to write was Prophet Idrees (Enoch)], Has taught man that which he knew not.”
So, Quran has narrated the psyche’s (Ruh/Nafs) Psychodynamic concepts whereas modern intellectuals give unnecessary weight to research of Psycho-analysis as framed by Sigmund Freud in 1953, and developed with continual variation in theoretical and clinical concepts till today for further human services. No doubt, human research scholars have been struggling to find the hidden dimension of human nature. In this regard, the basis of modern clinical and abnormal psychology thoughts is taught and applied in psychiatry and psychotherapy. It is based on the psychodynamic prospective, which was originated on the concept of psycho-analysis presented about 165 years ago by Sigmund Freud (1953). He is also known as the father of modern psychopathology. He presented the structural hypothesis of mind under three broad forces (theoretical assumption/structural hypothesis) of Id (pleasure principle), Ego as reality principle, while there is the superego power (conscience or moral-ethical ideals) of the psychic functioning. He particularly emphasized the impact of sex and sexual impulses on human mental functioning and personality development process (Abnormal Psychology by Richard R. Bootzin et. al.).
It is worth considering that human psychological findings were revealed about 1,440 years ago to the semi-educated, ignorant tribal people who after following those golden rules became the dominant nation of the world. The Qur’an is based on the scientific values like observation (Yashadoona) and reasoning (Yaqaloon) world. So, mankind is warned in V-41:46,” Whosoever does righteous good deed it is for (the benefit of) his own self, and whosoever does evil, it is against his own self, and your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.”
It has been revealed that the human psychic phenomena (Nafs) functions in its three forms such as based in the form of Nafs-e-Amara (Id as expressed by prophet Yousaf in Surah 12:53).
The second type of Nafs is known as Nafs-ul Lawwamah. ‘This word is derived from 'Lom' which means to 'reproach.' Nafs-e-Lawwamah and Nafs-e-Mutmaina work in psyche (Ruh) from life till death through its deeds. When common men commit a sin, they awaken and become sorry and sad. It is this self-critic that forces some criminals to give themselves up. Lawwamah here means to self-incriminate, to self-reproach, to have blame. So, this is that Nafs that does sometimes bring a person to sin, but then that Nafs self- incriminates, reproaches itself, feels bad and guilty. So, the sign of this is precisely that the person has such a Nafs that when they commit a sin, they feel remorse, regret, guilt, shame, and embarrassment, and they wish they could take it back, that they never did it, that they may even intend at that moment never to do that again. So, they are fighting a battle with their Nafs.
The third way of expression of Ruh has been used in the Qur’an as Nafs-al-Mutmaina / satisfied soul. At this stage, Nafs reaches the stage of certainty; in the Holy Qur'an V-89:27-30) to the righteous as “(It will be said to the pious): "O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! "Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! "Enter you, then, among My honored slaves, "And enter you My Paradise!".
In order to remind the human jurisdiction and limitations, he is made aware about rebirth for the accountability process, examples are presented to follow the Creator. So, Allah Almighty addresses in V-75:3-11,” Does man (a disbeliever) think that We shall not assemble his bones? Yes, We are Able to put together in perfect order the tips of his fingers. Nay! (Man denies Resurrection and Reckoning. So) he desires to continue committing sins. He asks: "When will be this Day of Resurrection?" So, when the sight shall be dazed, And the moon will be eclipsed, And the sun and moon will be joined together (by going one into the other or folded up or deprived of their light, etc.) On that Day man will say: "Where (is the refuge) to flee?" No! There is no refuge!”.
The very first test which Adam-Eve failed as privileged creatures of Almighty Allah, was when under temptations, they forgot to follow the order of the Creator, for which they were dispelled over controlled by the Nafs-e-Amara. In the same way, in the Qur’an, besides other mental health preventive and curative measures, emphasis is given to sex urge, its training and reparations; if strong measures are not taken, can lead to psycho-social chaos in the individual psyche or social disharmony.
The modern psychologist gives undue importance to Freudian concepts. While delivering the psychopathology of psyche, Freud emphasized the importance of sex (id impulses) as the essential part of human life. In this regard, the importance of sex is repeated in biological and psychological meaningful data about human beings in the Holy Book. The very first murder among Adam’s children (Hebel & Qabeel) is a precise example of sexual desire to dominate a desired sex-partner. The Qur’an has presented comprehensive data based on logic and observation about the importance of sex, its legal resolution through a disciplined marital life in simple, straightforward timely marriages by mutual understanding of genders through elder support in civilized manner. So, strict punishment is imposed on sexual exhibition, adultery, manipulation of women without taking the marital responsibility and rather using sex as a tool for criminal gains, id impulses as fun and pleasure. In this regard preventive measures described as human weaknesses were described for self-correction like Tahghoon (Extremist/Invader), Faajer (Wicked/obscene), Fawish (Shameful deeds/Malicious), Tohmat (Incriminating), Alaudoon (Crossing limits), Mutakalefeen (Actor/Persona), Yajhadoon (Ungrateful), Muftenoon (Insane/crazy), Mutufafeen (Cheater), Ghaween (Lost) in Zalem (Cruel), Jahel (Ignorant), Insaan (Forgetful/short memory) etc.
So, mankind is reminded to use senses as stated in As-Sajdah V-32:6-11,” That is He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful. Who made everything He has created good, and He began the creation of man from clay. Then He made his offspring from semen of worthless water (male and female sexual discharge). Then He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the soul (created by Allah for that person), and He gave you hearing (ears), sight (eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give! And they say: "When we are (dead and become) lost in the earth, shall we indeed be recreated anew?" Nay, but they deny the Meeting with their Lord! Say: "The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, then you shall be brought to your Lord."
Finally, it is narrated that the Creator is aware of individual capacity of a person, but He is Gracious and Kind, so each one will be accounted accordingly, stated in the last verse of Al-Baqra as in V-2:286,” Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. "Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”
(Cont'd in the Book)
"Knowledge exist potentially in the human soul like the seed in the soul: by learning the potential becomes actual."